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QRS , Singer Ten Eick [21]. , , .

, , . . 3 , [2224], [2536].

[37] , . . 4.1, , , . 0 4. ( 4) . , , 4 ( ) 85 95 . ( 0) , ( 1, 2 3), . , 0 1 R S, 2 3 ST (. . 4.1, ). , , [25], , , 0 (Vmax), (. . 4.1, ). , . [25, 3133] , [25, 3847], , , , pCO2, , , .

[2236, 48]. , , [24, 30, 37, 47]. . 4.2 , . , .

. [32, 33]. +, . , , . Na+ 1. [50] [27, 3235], . + [32]. , K+ [29, 31, 32, 48, 49]. [31, 32, 49]: 1) , (g), , ; 2) [5153], Na+/K+ , Na+ , + [51, 53].

. 4.2. .

, , . (. . ), . . [36].

: . ( , ), , [27, 31, 33, 36] (. . 15.2). ( 0) , , Na+ (gNa) , Na+ [24, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 48] (, Na+, ), N+ .

gNa (. . Na+) . N+, , , N+ , 85 95 . , , Na+ Na+ . Na+ , .





(Vmax) () Na+. , . 130 , a Vmax , , 500 1000 /. . . 4.3, . . 4.3, Vmax . , Weidmann 1951 . [54] Hoffman . [55], , . Na+.

[27, 29, 30, 3335, 57, 58] 35 45 . ++ ( 10%), Na+. , , () () , Na+, , Na+. . . , , [58, 59]. Na+, , (Mn++), D600 . , 2 () . , [6064], [66] [67], , . [30, 3335, 6669]. , , , [7074, 138, 184], [21, 36, 7690], .

. 4.3. .

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